While stress helps the body mobilize existing resources to meet any threat that presents itself and is often acute;anxiety refers to being in a state of chronic stress that manifests even without an impending danger.
Those with anxiety feel a sense of prolonged uneasiness due to external causes like work pressure, problems in family, academics and so on or due to internal beliefs about one self, ghosts of the past etc.
Anxiety starts slowly by creeping into normal everyday situations, unknowingly, for example, while hearing about Covid 19 cases rising in one’s housing complex or anywhere closer to home or office making one just a little more paranoid than usual… just a little more sleepless… and fearful. It is ideal to address it at this stage to avoid it becoming an impediment to self-growth going forward… In an early stage, tracking these thoughts and trying to identify a pattern will help.
One must consult a mental health care practitioner when continuing with one’s daily routine, home life, working or maintaining relationships becomes difficult. Constant headaches, stomach problems, gastrointestinal trouble, palpitations, insomnia, may also serve as a warning signs to seek help.
Sadness is an emotion that generally comes in response to an immediate upsetting or negative situation in life. While depression is a pervasive sense of sadness that persists over time and may or may not have any underlying situational cause.
Depression could be caused by a number of factors
Depression is a serious yet treatable disorder. As a cause of disability, it impairs the individuals functioning across various facets of life like occupation academics, intimate and social relationships. One must seek mental health help at the earliest signs of the symptoms. A collaborative approach (psychological and pharmacological) to coping with both depression and anxiety is most ideal in case of severity of symptoms; but a preventive approach or early intervention by a qualified therapist is highly recommended to ensure that symptoms do not worsen.
A relationship requires the largest personal investment in a person’s life. While turmoil and disagreements are common, counselling intervention should be sought when either one or both individuals feel that their personhood is being reduced. Increased instances of instability in the relationship, growing indifference, stonewalling and poor communication also warrants that the couple seeks counseling.
It is important to understand that many of the symptoms may occur due to adjustment as well as a desire to establish independence in the household. If the symptoms are observed in regular intervals and with increasing intensity, mental health services must be availed. In case of incidences of self-harm and/or suicidal ideation, medical and psychiatric intervention should be sought immediately
While parenting is a rewarding experience, it is also isolating and overwhelming. One must speak to a mental health professional in cases of stress and disruption in daily activities, occupational functioning and during feelings of hopelessness. Additionally, a counsellor/therapist should be consulted in cases of increasec disruptive behaviour from the child.